A robot that eats pollution | Jonathan Rossiter


Hi, I’m an engineer and I make robots. Now, of course you all know
what a robot is, right? If you don’t, you’d probably go to Google, and you’d ask Google what a robot is. So let’s do that. We’ll go to Google
and this is what we get. Now, you can see here there are
lots of different types of robots, but they’re predominantly
humanoid in structure. And they look pretty conventional because they’ve got plastic,
they’ve got metal, they’ve got motors and gears and so on. Some of them look quite friendly, and you could go up
and you could hug them. Some of them not so friendly, they look like they’re
straight out of “Terminator,” in fact they may well be
straight out of “Terminator.” You can do lots of really cool
things with these robots — you can do really exciting stuff. But I’d like to look
at different kinds of robots — I want to make different kinds of robots. And I take inspiration
from the things that don’t look like us, but look like these. So these are natural biological organisms and they do some
really cool things that we can’t, and current robots can’t either. They do all sorts of great things
like moving around on the floor; they go into our gardens
and they eat our crops; they climb trees; they go in water, they come out of water; they trap insects and digest them. So they do really interesting things. They live, they breathe, they die, they eat things from the environment. Our current robots don’t really do that. Now, wouldn’t it be great if you could use some of those
characteristics in future robots so that you could solve
some really interesting problems? I’m going to look at a couple of problems
now in the environment where we can use
the skills and the technologies derived from these animals and from the plants, and we can use them
to solve those problems. Let’s have a look
at two environmental problems. They’re both of our making — this is man interacting
with the environment and doing some rather unpleasant things. The first one is to do
with the pressure of population. Such is the pressure
of population around the world that agriculture and farming is required
to produce more and more crops. Now, to do that, farmers put more and more
chemicals onto the land. They put on fertilizers,
nitrates, pesticides — all sorts of things
that encourage the growth of the crops, but there are some negative impacts. One of the negative impacts is
if you put lots of fertilizer on the land, not all of it goes into the crops. Lots of it stays in the soil, and then when it rains, these chemicals go into the water table. And in the water table, then they go into streams,
into lakes, into rivers and into the sea. Now, if you put all
of these chemicals, these nitrates, into those kinds of environments, there are organisms in those environments
that will be affected by that — algae, for example. Algae loves nitrates, it loves fertilizer, so it will take in all these chemicals, and if the conditions are right,
it will mass produce. It will produce masses
and masses of new algae. That’s called a bloom. The trouble is that
when algae reproduces like this, it starves the water of oxygen. As soon as you do that, the other organisms
in the water can’t survive. So, what do we do? We try to produce a robot
that will eat the algae, consume it and make it safe. So that’s the first problem. The second problem is also of our making, and it’s to do with oil pollution. Now, oil comes out
of the engines that we use, the boats that we use. Sometimes tankers
flush their oil tanks into the sea, so oil is released into the sea that way. Wouldn’t it be nice
if we could treat that in some way using robots that could eat the pollution
the oil fields have produced? So that’s what we do. We make robots that will eat pollution. To actually make the robot, we take inspiration from two organisms. On the right there
you see the basking shark. The basking shark is a massive shark. It’s noncarnivorous,
so you can swim with it, as you can see. And the basking shark opens its mouth, and it swims through the water,
collecting plankton. As it does that, it digests the food, and then it uses that energy
in its body to keep moving. So, could we make a robot like that — like the basking shark
that chugs through the water and eats up pollution? Well, let’s see if we can do that. But also, we take the inspiration
from other organisms. I’ve got a picture here
of a water boatman, and the water boatman is really cute. When it’s swimming in the water, it uses its paddle-like legs
to push itself forward. So we take those two organisms and we combine them together
to make a new kind of robot. In fact, because we’re using
the water boatman as inspiration, and our robot sits on top of the water, and it rows, we call it the “Row-bot.” So a Row-bot is a robot that rows. OK. So what does it look like? Here’s some pictures of the Row-bot, and you’ll see, it doesn’t look anything like the robots
we saw right at the beginning. Google is wrong;
robots don’t look like that, they look like this. So I’ve got the Row-bot here. I’ll just hold it up for you. It gives you a sense of the scale, and it doesn’t look
anything like the others. OK, so it’s made out of plastic, and we’ll have a look now
at the components that make up the Row-bot — what makes it really special. The Row-bot is made up of three parts, and those three parts are really
like the parts of any organism. It’s got a brain, it’s got a body and it’s got a stomach. It needs the stomach to create the energy. Any Row-bot will have
those three components, and any organism
will have those three components, so let’s go through them one at a time. It has a body, and its body is made out of plastic, and it sits on top of the water. And it’s got flippers on the side here — paddles that help it move, just like the water boatman. It’s got a plastic body, but it’s got a soft rubber mouth here, and a mouth here —
it’s got two mouths. Why does it have two mouths? One is to let the food go in and the other is to let the food go out. So you can see really
it’s got a mouth and a derriere, or a — (Laughter) something where the stuff comes out, which is just like a real organism. So it’s starting to look
like that basking shark. So that’s the body. The second component might be the stomach. We need to get the energy into the robot
and we need to treat the pollution, so the pollution goes in, and it will do something. It’s got a cell in the middle here
called a microbial fuel cell. I’ll put this down,
and I’ll lift up the fuel cell. Here. So instead of having batteries, instead of having
a conventional power system, it’s got one of these. This is its stomach. And it really is a stomach because you can put energy in this side
in the form of pollution, and it creates electricity. So what is it? It’s called a microbial fuel cell. It’s a little bit
like a chemical fuel cell, which you might have
come across in school, or you might’ve seen in the news. Chemical fuel cells
take hydrogen and oxygen, and they can combine them together
and you get electricity. That’s well-established technology;
it was in the Apollo space missions. That’s from 40, 50 years ago. This is slightly newer. This is a microbial fuel cell. It’s the same principle: it’s got oxygen on one side, but instead of having
hydrogen on the other, it’s got some soup, and inside that soup
there are living microbes. Now, if you take some organic material — could be some waste products, some food, maybe a bit of your sandwich — you put it in there,
the microbes will eat that food, and they will turn it into electricity. Not only that, but if you select
the right kind of microbes, you can use the microbial fuel cell
to treat some of the pollution. If you choose the right microbes, the microbes will eat the algae. If you use other kinds of microbes, they will eat petroleum
spirits and crude oil. So you can see
how this stomach could be used to not only treat the pollution but also to generate electricity
from the pollution. So the robot will move
through the environment, taking food into its stomach, digest the food, create electricity, use that electricity
to move through the environment and keep doing this. OK, so let’s see what happens
when we run the Row-bot — when it does some rowing. Here we’ve got a couple of videos, the first thing you’ll see —
hopefully you can see here is the mouth open. The front mouth and the bottom mouth open, and it will stay opened enough, then the robot will start to row forward. It moves through the water so that food goes in
as the waste products go out. Once it’s moved enough, it stops and then it closes the mouth — slowly closes the mouths — and then it will sit there, and it will digest the food. Of course these microbial fuel cells, they contain microbes. What you really want is lots of energy coming out of those microbes
as quickly as possible. But we can’t force the microbes and they generate a small amount
of electricity per second. They generate milliwatts, or microwatts. Let’s put that into context. Your mobile phone for example, one of these modern ones, if you use it, it takes about one watt. So that’s a thousand or a million times
as much energy that that uses compared to the microbial fuel cell. How can we cope with that? Well, when the Row-bot
has done its digestion, when it’s taken the food in, it will sit there and it will wait
until it has consumed all that food. That could take some hours,
it could take some days. A typical cycle for the Row-bot
looks like this: you open your mouth, you move, you close your mouth and you sit there for a while waiting. Once you digest your food, then you can go about
doing the same thing again. But you know what, that looks
like a real organism, doesn’t it? It looks like the kind of thing we do. Saturday night,
we go out, open our mouths, fill our stomachs, sit in front of the telly and digest. When we’ve had enough,
we do the same thing again. OK, if we’re lucky with this cycle, at the end of the cycle
we’ll have enough energy left over for us to be able to do something else. We could send a message, for example. We could send a message saying, “This is how much pollution
I’ve eaten recently,” or, “This is the kind of stuff
that I’ve encountered,” or, “This is where I am.” That ability to send a message
saying, “This is where I am,” is really, really important. If you think about the oil slicks
that we saw before, or those massive algal blooms, what you really want to do
is put your Row-bot out there, and it eats up all of those pollutions, and then you have to go collect them. Why? Because these Row-bots at the moment, this Row-bot I’ve got here, it contains motors, it contains wires, it contains components
which themselves are not biodegradable. Current Row-bots contain
things like toxic batteries. You can’t leave those in the environment, so you need to track them, and then when they’ve finished
their job of work, you need to collect them. That limits the number
of Row-bots you can use. If, on the other hand, you have robot a little bit
like a biological organism, when it comes to the end of its life, it dies and it degrades to nothing. So wouldn’t it be nice if these robots, instead of being like this,
made out of plastic, were made out of other materials, which when you throw them out there, they biodegrade to nothing? That changes the way
in which we use robots. Instead of putting 10 or 100
out into the environment, having to track them, and then when they die, collect them, you could put a thousand, a million, a billion robots
into the environment. Just spread them around. You know that at the end of their lives,
they’re going to degrade to nothing. You don’t need to worry about them. So that changes the way
in which you think about robots and the way you deploy them. Then the question is: Can you do this? Well, yes, we have shown
that you can do this. You can make robots
which are biodegradable. What’s really interesting
is you can use household materials to make these biodegradable robots. I’ll show you some;
you might be surprised. You can make a robot out of jelly. Instead of having a motor,
which we have at the moment, you can make things
called artificial muscles. Artificial muscles are smart materials, you apply electricity to them, and they contract,
or they bend or they twist. They look like real muscles. So instead of having a motor,
you have these artificial muscles. And you can make
artificial muscles out of jelly. If you take some jelly and some salts, and do a bit of jiggery-pokery, you can make an artificial muscle. We’ve also shown you can make
the microbial fuel cell’s stomach out of paper. So you could make the whole
robot out of biodegradable materials. You throw them out there,
and they degrade to nothing. Well, this is really, really exciting. It’s going to totally change the way
in which we think about robots, but also it allows you
to be really creative in the way in which you think
about what you can do with these robots. I’ll give you an example. If you can use jelly to make a robot — now, we eat jelly, right? So, why not make something like this? A robot gummy bear. Here, I’ve got some I prepared earlier. There we go. I’ve got a packet — and I’ve got a lemon-flavored one. I’ll take this gummy bear —
he’s not robotic, OK? We have to pretend. And what you do with one of these
is you put it in your mouth — the lemon’s quite nice. Try not to chew it too much,
it’s a robot, it may not like it. And then you swallow it. And then it goes into your stomach. And when it’s inside your stomach,
it moves, it thinks, it twists, it bends, it does something. It could go further down
into your intestines, find out whether you’ve got
some ulcer or cancer, maybe do an injection,
something like that. You know that once
it’s done its job of work, it could be consumed by your stomach, or if you don’t want that, it could go straight through you, into the toilet, and be degraded safely in the environment. So this changes the way, again,
in which we think about robots. So, we started off looking
at robots that would eat pollution, and then we’re looking
at robots which we can eat. I hope this gives you some idea of the kinds of things
we can do with future robots. Thank you very much for your attention. (Applause)

Comments 100

  • 12:15 fish eats your robots
    wonders why pollution doesn't get better

  • This is legitimately awesome.

  • if they can degrade when they die, what is stopping them from degrading when in use?

  • No info at all regarding how well this "stomach" actually works. Is the capacity actually relevant in a real situation?
    "Milliwatts or microwatts…"? A small solar cell would produce many orders of magnitude more energy. It seems the energy producing capacity is just a gimmick, unless it can be massively improved. No discussion if that's even possible.
    No back of the envelope calculations of how many robots would be needed to deal with X. "Millions, Billions"? How are these gonna be produced cost effectively? Seems like this would require a technological manufacturing revolution deserving it's very own talk.

    Cool project, but as a practical solution I'm highly skeptical.
    Dream big, but don't lie by omission about what is actually possible.

  • Why do so many people think this is actually a good idea?

  • 环境污染最大的凶手是资源的浪费使用,科学技术还不够发达

  • well… how much money do you need to clean up the world with your robots and who's going to pay for it?

  • this is the guy who led the events of horizon zero dawn

  • We can make robots that can eat, and we can make robots that you can eat… "Then well make a robot that can eat itself" I thought…

  • Clickbait, you could make ultra fish. Like a Mahi mahi into a dino Cod, fookn 10 $ Stergion manimal sharkimal.

  • 5 minutes just for the introduction on a 14 minute video? I think you could probably tighten this presentation up.

  • you want to make BILLIONS of them!!!
    not a good idea in the field of business.

  • The robots could be eaten by that basking shark

  • Stealing concepts from WAL-E I see

  • I had a hound ad that was 3:38 and was unskippable

  • Pls activate comments on all your videos,I have some questions about the political racism video from a day ago

  • Just make sure it doesn't fall in love with a planetary exploration probe.

  • Wow finally someone with an actual brain

  • How does algae starve the water of oxygen. Don't they produce oxygen?

  • According to the Dept of Commerce the following percentage of the 110,489,000 people who receive welfare by race:

    Black – 39.8% (They make up about 12.4% of the total US population)
    Black Utilization Rate – 320.96%
    White – 38.8% (They make up about 62.2% of the total US population)
    White Utilization Rate – 62.38%
    Hispanic – 15.7% (They make up about 17.4% of the total US population)
    Hispanic Utilization Rate – 90.23%
    Asian – 2.4% (They make up about 5.2% of the total US population)
    Asian Utilization Rate – 46.15%
    Other – 3.3% (They make up about 2.8% of the total US population)
    Other Utilization Rate – 117.86%

    According to the Dept of Agriculture the following percentage of the 52,200,000 people who receive food stamps by race:

    White – 40.2% (They make up about 62.2% of the total US population)
    White Utilization Rate – 64.63%
    Black – 25.7% (They make up about 12.4% of the total US population)
    Black Utilization Rate – 207.73%
    Hispanic – 10.3% (They make up about 17.4% of the total US population)
    Hispanic Utilization Rate – 59.20%
    Asian – 2.1% (They make up about 5.2% of the total US population)
    Asian Utilization Rate – 40.38%
    Native American – 1.2% (They make up about 1.1% of the total US population)
    Multiple Races (NonHispanic) – 0.7% (They make up about ????? of the total US population)
    Unknown – 12.8% (They make up about ????? of the total US population)
    Nonparticipating Household Head – 7.0% (They make up about ????? of the total US population)

    Hope that clears things up.

  • "The new rules were designed as part of No Child Left Behind, along with 31 other states and Washington, D.C. , the Virginia legislature set the following passing test scores:

    82% for Asian students
    68% for whites
    52% for Latinos
    45% for blacks
    33% for kids with disabilities"

  • There is almost a perfect correlation between the amount of black people in a country and the amount of homicides.

    So for example, the US is top of your list at 3 homicides per 100,000 but South Africa has 20 gun murders per 100,000 and Jamaica is over ten times the USA at 40 per 100,000.

    Here are the 15 most dangerous cities (with populations over 200,000):
    Rank City, . . . . . . . .Percentage Black
    313 Dayton, OH . . . . . .43.9%
    314 Richmond, VA . . . . .58.0%
    315 Kansas City, MO . .. 32.0%
    316 Washington, DC . . . .61.5%
    317 New Orleans, LA . . . 68.1%
    318 Memphis, TN . . . . . 62.1%
    319 Compton, CA . . . . . 41.8%
    320 West Palm Beach, FL . 33.3%
    321 Tampa, FL . . . . . . 26.9%
    322 Camden, NJ . . . . . .55.5%
    323 Gary, IN .. . . . . . 85.5%
    324 Baltimore, MD . . . . 65.3%
    325 St. Louis, MO . . . . 52.2%
    326 Atlanta, GA . . . . . 62.2%
    327 Detroit, MI . . . . . 83.5%

    Here are the 15 safest cities in the US (with a population over 200,000):
    Rank City, . . . . . . . Percentage Black
    1 Amherst, NY . . . . . . 3.9%
    2 Newton, MA . . . . . . .2.0%
    3 Mission Viejo, CA . . . 1.2%
    4 Cary, NC . .. . . . . . 6.3%
    5 Brick Twnshp, NJ . . . .1.0%
    6 Simi Valley, CA . . . . 1.3%
    7 Sunnyvale, CA . . . . . 2.3%
    8 Colonie, NY . . . . . . 4.0%
    9 Sterling Heights, MI . .1.3%
    10 Clarkstown, NY . . . . 8.0%
    11 Orem, UT . . . . . . . 0.3%
    12 Greece, NY . . . . . . 2.9%
    13 Thousand Oaks, CA .. . 1.1%
    14 Canton Twnshp, MI . . .4.6%
    15 Livermore, CA .. . . . 1.6%

  • Researchers collected information on 90 countries, including far-off lands from the U.S. to New Zealand and Colombia to Kazakhstan. They also collected data on the country’s excellence in science and technology—the number of patents granted per person and how many Nobel Prizes the country’s people had won in science, for example (Blacks have never been awarded a Nobel science prize).
    They found that intelligence made a difference in gross domestic product. For example, some of the highest National IQs:

    South Korea 106
    Japan 105
    Taiwan 104
    Singapore 103
    Austria 102
    Germany 102
    Netherlands 102
    Italy 102
    Austria 102
    Netherlands 102
    Luxembourg 101
    United Kingdom 100
    Switzerland 101
    Luxembourg 101
    China 100
    Norway 98
    Iceland 98

    And the lowest:

    Kenya 72
    Cameroon 70
    Angola 69
    Cen. African R 68
    Eritrea 68
    Somalia 68
    Nigeria 67
    Haiti 67
    Gabon 66
    Zimbabwe 66
    D. Rep Congo 65
    Sierra Leone 64
    Senegal 64
    Gambia 64
    Liberia 64
    Guinea 63
    Equat. Guinea 59

  • Note – Jelly in the UK is called Jello in the US.

  • ahhh but can you make a robot that eats the other robots…when you have too many robots that's what you're gonna have to do

  • I wonder how the sea animals will respond to these robots roaming around the ocean.

  • Yeah !! It's called a TREE.

  • I don't understand why this guy is trying to reinvent the wheel by basically creating artificial animals. We already have biological organisms that do this sort of thing much better than any mechanical robot could. The obvious answer to this is genetic engineering.

    Of course, we can't forget about the unintended consequences we might inflict on the environment by doing this sort of thing.

  • You could just spread bacteria on a pollution, why need robot if we need thousand it.

  • THIS IS AWESOME!!!

  • Make robots, do not make humans. Do not put the suffering in your software, do not put fear, do not put aggressivity, do not put anger, do not put diseases, like you do in innocent human babies, who do not ask to exist.

  • Sure let's keep ignoring the sources of the problem and put more plastic in the oceans and believe technology will undo all our sinful behaviour.

  • A human is a robot who lives for himself, and who acts generally for his own good, it is not difficult to make a human being, but no one knows what is made without any intelligence, it is enough to copulate, while to make a mechanical robot we have to be intelligent and think about what we are doing. Is not that surprising?

  • Nice ideas. something we should look into more on a much larger scale.

  • Just when you notice Lew from Unbox Therapy!

  • Why dont they just mass produce those bacteria and then airdrop them into affected areas?

  • And if you use the right microbes they will eat humans.

  • now this is the kind of content that I follow TED for – very interesting!

  • Why not just sprinkle the oil-eating microbes all over the oil spill? They'd be released into the environment when the robot biodegrades anyway. The rest of the robot just exists to move the microbes around, but if you just mass produce the microbes instead of the robots you don't have a problem.

  • Informative

  • @unbox therapy you're on TED.

  • should be used in Mars…..good one thanks

  • sounds like WALL-E

  • All humans need is a reason to excuse their trash making habits.

  • Really neat, amazing the possibilities with this!

  • I wonder how many of these robots you need to have in a swarm to make them applicable in practice. Were they tested in the ocean environment?

  • he made so many jokes that I found funny but no one in the audience did.. shame.

  • i'm feel interesting after watching this video.

  • just like our medical system, treat the symptom instead of the cause.

  • Great idea! 😀

  • what if some animals eat that robot? lol

  • make it grow and reproduce and it will become a living thing

  • It would be still much cheaper to just industrially grow a necessary type of pollution-eating bacteria and spread it over contaminated areas than to produce "million or billion" of such biodegradable robots.

  • This is a really cool idea! Thanks for sharing.

  • aelge outputs oxygen, doesn't it? how does that starve the ocean of oxygen?

  • unbox therap there

  • Great thought

  • Why don't you take inspiration from a coral instead, so you don't need to diddle with the whole "electricity" and "moving" thing. Just hang around and wait for pollution to come to you.

  • Ionic electro active polymer muscle still consumes far more energy than a microbial fuel cell can generate to move a body, its hard enough to move cilia and flagella. These goals will be met by genetic engineering not macro engineering. Algae that make shells.

  • Sorry, I don't speak english very well, can someone help me to understand somenthing? what happen with the oil after the robot eat it ? thanks 🙂

  • I love this idea! Very creative and novel approach to the robotics 🙂

  • The row-bot BA dum tss 😒

  • Have you heard of a tree

  • subtitles?

  • Wow that's INEFFICIENT!
    Nitrogen run off – use Bio Charcoal in the soil.
    Oil spills – use specific Mycelium.

  • So what about a shark eating this sweet fish ? kkk

  • Funny how Ted removes the ability to post comments and observe like to dislike ratios when the topic is "controversial" in nature. I would have loved to opine on the racially themed video from before but alas, it's too sensitive of a topic. Shame on you, Ted.

  • The ultimate solution is still to be mindful about your consumption. We need to stop behaving in ways that pollute the earth. The robot idea is super cool though.

  • get a think deeper tee here! teespring.com/get-think-deeper encounter yourself daily with this t-shirt.

  • But how do you control when biodegradable robots decay? I really like the concept, but I mean a jelly-paper robot thingy would "die" out after not even a day on the open sea surface I would say..

  • So massive amounts of agricultural runoff are making their way into the ocean and instead of working on a robot which can keep the toxic runoff from ever reaching the water table, this genius is working on a robot which removes one visual product of this pollution once it has reached its final destination. @https://youtu.be/CVdPhUPO5YU?t=147
    Mind blowingly ignorant, wouldn't usually expect this from a TED presentation. The waterways will be contaminated as long as the ag business produces polluted runoff.

    Because of this it seems his solution would maintain the presence of these chemicals in the food we eat and the water we drink.
    I wonder what the motivation for this could be?
    Maybe he and his team are not smart enough to think of the harm these chemicals have on the organisms and environments which they pass through during their journey to the ocean.

  • THAT'S SO COOL!

  • The demonstration to change the way we think about robots was a gummy bear?

  • one of best ted talks in days

  • It already exists ! Trillions of bacteria, natural habitats, who naturally recycle most of human wastes and pollution !
    The only issue is that the human population doubles every 40 years, destroying these living who eat pollution in the way !!!

  • this sucks

  • wouldn't it be more efficient to add a little 1$ solar panel and make the robot search for highly poluted spots while iddle?

  • in future the technology is beyond next level

  • Isn't a PLASTIC ROBOT already a pollutant? Seems really dim witted.

  • This is really interesting. What do you do when your robot creates too many microbes after eating all that pollution? What about a solar powered robots instead that would still go out there and collect the pollution?

  • So for a jelly robot to exist. More cows have to die. How is that advancement?
    And I fail to believe unless it's made from plant material how it will breakdown in the environment in a pro environmental way. A million jelly robots to clean a lake of algea. And then melts into a big glob of jelly. Dispersing along the top of the water like scum.
    Not to mention all the sugar creating diabetic fish.

  • This 'degrades to "nothing"' belief is what got us the Greenhouse Gases problems in the first place… If there are billions of carbon based robots degrading out in the ocean they will definitely unbalance something. It might be problematic, it might not, but we should learn with XX century mistakes not be naive so, from a scientist POV, its a bit careless.

  • This is carzy ppl. Its cool in all but were creating a wrom hole something like that big I mean a bigggbghhg one what would that do will it eat or bad 💨 air how about if theres nothen but a human would that eat you to stay alive

  • What does it release?

  • Why make robots with bacteria in their gut instead just releasing those bacteria to do the job themselves?

  • What a waste. The worst part was the video clip of the robot.the so called robot is not running from so called electricity it is generating,it is running from external power supplied through wires..dumb demonstration.This one clearly lowered my motivation to work on robotics.

  • Eating what just saved you from cancer…

    Isn't that bit harsh…

  • redesign vehicle exhaust pipes to capture the polluting fumes……or make tubular/cylindrical attachemts to exisiting pipes……that caputure this fumes by absorbtion..using sponge like material. these sponges coulld be relaced everyday and the used ones , being biodegradable can be put back into the soil.***********these sponges could be clumps of algae……/ ball algae/ algae fabrics clumps…….or any other suitable material……..!!!!!!!

  • 10/25 eleventh video
    I like the concept about soft robotics. Actually, my university's new professor is majored in soft robotics, so I search about soft robotics before. At first, I wonder where we can use. But, more and more I study about it, I can know the future of robotics will be a soft robot. Because it is soft, we can use it variety of place such as wearable device or exoskeleton suits. It can be more useful if it is combined with battery which eat pollution. For example, the wearable device get power from the body's waste product. This video always help me to get wide vision.I like it

  • good idea but extremely difficult execution

  • We should worship these guys

  • Windesheim laat je horen

  • What if the robot eats an organism that is not supposed to be eaten. Or what if something else tries to eat the robot?

  • Great idea how about eating cancer cells would that work??

  • Wally

  • So, where does fertilizer come from?
    O yes, the ground!!!😭😭😭😳😳🤣😂

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