Anti-greenhouse effect | Wikipedia audio article


The anti-greenhouse effect is a mechanism
similar to the greenhouse effect, but with the opposite consequence of cooling the surface
temperature of a planet. If gases in the atmosphere of a planet have
a lesser transmittance for inbound radiation (for instance, solar rays in the Solar System)
than for outbound radiation (typically thermal radiation of the planet’s surface in the infrared
domain), the surface temperature at which inbound and outbound heat fluxes are at equilibrium
is lower.==On Earth====
On Titan==The haze containing organic molecules in Titan’s
upper atmosphere absorbs 90% of the solar radiation reaching Titan, but is inefficient
at trapping infrared radiation generated by the surface. Although a large greenhouse effect does keep
Titan at a much higher temperature than the thermal equilibrium, the anti-greenhouse effect
due to the haze reduces the surface temperature by 9 K. Because greenhouse effect due to other atmospheric
components increase it by 21 K, the net effect is that the real surface temperature of Titan
(94 K) is 12 K warmer than the effective temperature 82 K (which would be the surface temperature
in the absence of any atmosphere, assuming constant albedo

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