Beef is Bad for the Climate… But How Bad? | Hot Mess ?

Beef… it’s what’s for dinner. Or… depending on who you ask, it’s destroying
the planet. This meat is contentious. Lots of people love eating beef, but it also
has the biggest environmental impact of nearly any food we eat. So, what can we do about it? [OPEN] Per pound, producing beef releases more greenhouse
gases into the atmosphere than just about any other meat. That’s mostly due to methane – which has
about 25 times more global warming impact than the same amount of carbon dioxide. Cows produce a lot of methane. Well, actually all cattle do. Cows are female cattle who have had babies,
while most beef comes from castrated males, called steers. I’m using “cow” to mean “four-legged
farm animal that moos”. Most cow methane comes from
their mouths, and not…ya know…the other end. See, cows have a weird multi-chambered stomach. In the first part, called the rumen, microbes
break down fibery plants like grass and give off methane as a byproduct. Today, there are 1.4 billion cows walking
around belching methane. They are responsible for nearly a tenth of
all human-related emissions. Some of that’s from dairy cows, but most of
it’s from cows raised for their beef. I dunno if you’ve ever seen a cow up close,
but they’re massive. It takes a lot of cow food to make that much
cow, and a lot of land to make all that cow food. More than a quarter of all land on earth is
devoted to feeding all those cows. As a result, beef is one of the top drivers
of deforestation, which is mainly happening in tropical forests – some of Earth’s most
biologically diverse ecosystems. Left to their own devices, trees are carbon-trapping
wizards. They pull CO2 out of the air and transform
it into wood, which locks carbon out of the atmosphere for a long time. Cutting down trees means they stop taking
in CO2 and, as trees break down, their carbon makes its way back into the atmosphere. Having too many cows on a piece of land can
also cause the soil to break down and release trapped carbon into the air. Methane emissions, deforestation, and degradation of soil – these are just the big players our collective love of beef creates a whole pile of other environmental, climate, and health impacts So altogether, there’s a lot of bad sides
to beef. But can we make beef better? One place to start is with all those burping
cows. We’ve been breeding beef cattle to be more
and more efficient at turning their feed into flesh and milk. That helps farmers make more money, faster,
but it has the added benefit of slightly reducing a cow’s carbon footprint, because the faster
it becomes beef, the less time it spends burping. If your main concern is climate, and you want
to keep eating beef, then you may want to choose feedlot over grass-fed beef. That’s because cows can grow faster and
reach slaughter weight more quickly on grains, and again, the faster they become beef, the
less time they spend burping. Farming grains to feed cows creates emissions
too, but the cow’s shorter life makes up for those extra greenhouse gases. On the other hand, feedlots come with other
environmental and ethical questions too, but that’s a whole other conversation. One alternative that’s catching on is silvopasture,
which is basically raising cattle and trees on the same land. The trees pull carbon from the atmosphere,
which can help offset some of the methane from the cows. Turns out trees are good for the planet…
who woulda thought? But whatever the cows are eating, and wherever
they’re living, they’re still cows, and still methane-making machines. So to meaningfully reduce emissions from cattle
production – we need fewer cows, and that means less beef. There’s no magical technology or farming
practice that will have anywhere near as much impact as eating less beef. But, before we start a food fight, it’s
worth noting that in some places we’re already cutting back. Since the 1970s, beef consumption in the US
has gone down. Some of this might be due to the fact that
we’re eating more chicken, which, from a climate perspective, is a helpful switch,
since chicken causes way less emissions than beef. We can also replace beef with things that
aren’t meat, like beans, mushrooms, those fancy fake meats everyone is talking about,
or like a… vegetable? Like most climate issues, what you do as one
person may feel pretty small. But collectively, many individual actions
together do move the invisible hand of larger change. And if you want to put on your activist hat,
you can do things like email your school or office to ask about ‘meatless Mondays’,
ask your favorite restaurant if they can make more non-cow options, or be one of those people
on Instagram who tells everyone about that really good mushroom burger recipe they have
to try. Seriously, I have a really good mushroom burger
recipe. So even if beef is what’s for dinner tonight,
who knows what will be on our plates tomorrow.

Comments 100

  • Grass builds soil faster than trees in most climates, feed production for CAFO meat decimates soils, more soil than produce is exported from many of these farms. So CAFO is not the answer! Well managed pastures can be, and silvopasture can be a vital part of this management.

    So please stop and think, a farm can't be a net exporter of GHG's without depleting it's soils by offgassing or burning fossile fuels. This is the carbon cycle at work.

  • There are a few things i don't really understand about this whole beef problem. Isn't the methane production of a cow part of the natural CO2/methane cycle? And therefore not really a problem, since the reason CO2 levels rise is because we burn coal/oil/gas that was created millions of years ago, and therefore not part of the natural cycle? I mean, the grass that the cows eat, don't they soak up the methane, and thus completing the cycle?

  • VEGETARIAN IS THE BEST!! (apart from vegan)

  • People did not shifted their food habbit for the sake of climate, they just can't digest as good as they did earlier. Cheap manipulation of scientific facts.

  • Great video! Especially since it gives an advice that's very easy to follow for everyone. Most people find it hard to stop eating meat altogether, but eating less beef in favor of more chicken and pork? Easy!
    That's something I can tell everyone to do, and I know I have more chance of making an impact than if I tell them 'vegan is the only way'.

  • i wish there was bar or some sort of pill with every necessary daily nutrient and cal in it for people like myself who don't like eating and just want to get it over with

  • My inlaws are ranchers but small time. I feel like this whole video lacks nuance regarding the challenges of federal and local regulation regarding husbandry and how that has affected the farming industry and the move towards grass fed. You’re suggesting feedlot cattle like some kind of panacea when it’s actually worse for the animals and harder for the rancher in some ways, too. Not great.

  • I'm all for skipping a meal with meat once a week, chicken is ok, lab grown stakes would be fine or maybe some microbiome change for the cow's or something BUT I WILL NEVER EAT VEGETABLES, NEVER!!! hehehe

  • I enjoy my mushrooms as much as anyone; however, this video completely ignores the healthy debate over the potential benefits of planned rotational grazing (holistic management) as well as no-till farming that incorporates herbivore impact (See Gabe Brown (, Joel Salatin ( and Allan Savory ( with regard to GRASSLAND ecosystem regeneration, improving soils, and carbon sequestration. Additionally, we can all agree that destroying rain forests is bad, but we cannot ignore the potential for carbon storage in grassland/savanna soils…so if thoughtful animal impact can improve those soils, why wouldn't we include these concepts in such a discussion? The suggestion that those of us who remain omnivores give preference to beef coming from CAFOs is asinine!

  • Could also eat jackfruit instead of meat similar taste ecofriendly

  • I am a vegan (at least wannabe) and I believe that global warming should be promoted, but a clean one, not a polluted one. We need a slightly warmer climate on this planet, but also a clean planet.

  • I've always felt this was something India could take the lead on. We've a huge opportunity to tap into thanks to the fact that, being a Hindu-majority nation, beef mostly isn't a part of our diet. Unfortunately, the govt. makes it about religion, resulting in beef consumption still growing in the country as it becomes more affluent thanks to the rich eagerly seeking it out as a status symbol (more meat consumption has always been a sign of wealth everywhere) since the rules never really apply to them.

  • I love how the channel will start out by giving practical and immediately applicable solutions for climate problems. "If you love eating beef, you don't have to stop, but think about cutting back a bit."

  • That's why in India, Beef is banned ?. Eating Beef erodes Agricultural Economy on a larger scale.

  • @hotmess, please have a look at this ted talk . It contradicts your idea of less cattle.

  • Now do a video on lettuce and how it's also detrimental for the environment, i bet you won't…

  • there are types of bactiria in a perennial holistically managed pasture that absorb literal tons of methane from the atmosphere

  • Tofu is what you get when you grind soy beans, filter them, to the liquid you add an acid and boil.
    The chunks that form is called tofu.

    How do soy beans produce CO2?
    They absorb it

  • I remember there being something about microbe transplants from wallabies, who don't burp methane but have similar ruminant systems… I believe it was on Periodic Videos.

  • I just happened to watch these two videos about a day apart. The speaker in this TED Talks video thinks that smart grazing could reverse desertification and actually reverse global warming. I'm curious–could we have our cake and eat it too? Here's the link:

  • Good video!

    Couple of things though, firstly well managed pastures can and do sequester a lot of carbon and lock it in the soil via mycorrhizal fungi – just like trees do. Improperly managed pastures though deteriorate, erode and release trapped carbon. In saying that, I am definitely not an advocate for deforestation, but improving farming methods is a must whether it be for meat or vegetable production.

    Also, no mention of human overpopulation… 🙁

  • I’m really disappointed you discarded another opportunity to mention veganism and to consider its impact earnestly. Eat less beef? What a sidetrack!

    I thought you were serious. Maybe you have sponsors related to these industries too? I’ll check.

  • Sprinkle of Seaweed Could Deflate Gassy Cows

  • There actually is a magical technological solution…growing beef meat in a lab.
    Costs have come down considerably, like all technology does over time.

  • Great video. Could have added more info on how Earth went through many years refining air and trees. Today, co2 and methane output is double due to population increase. both are major greenhouse gases that are invisible to the naked eye. After many years of human activity and pollution pooling in the atmosphere, the feedbacks begin to show as of this decade and it's expected to progress eventually leading to more underground methane bubbles to release and add wood to the fire.

  • I'm Indian and I can't stop laughing. This is funny.

  • 2k North Indians watched the video.

  • Indian Liberals got their asses on Fire after watching this..

  • We dont do that here :") random indian
    Chicken and mutton does just fine for us btw.

  • We Indians eat vegan burger.

  • Really? Meatless Mondays? Like, can you not control your meat addiction that you have to select a particular day in a week to stop eating meat. Why not just eat meat once in a week. How about meat Monday.

  • How about we tell the real truth, the numbers you quote come from FACTORY FARMS, NOT free range farms. Why do people talk about it as if we should just eradicate cows from the planet? No one ever tells the WHOLE truth on this issue. Beef is not that bad the AMERICAN style of packing 100,000 cows into a giant factory style death camp is what the REAL problem is. So instead of trying to make the rest of the planet feel bad about eating beef why not go after the real danger those factory farms. Also where I live at least the land wasn't cleared for cattle it was cleared for growing wheat and then converted into grazing land later on. Lets put the blame where it deserves to be. And to all those that act like your life style is the only good option please go preach to someone else just because you made a choice doesn't mean its the ONLY good choice, there are many options that are actually BETTER and healthier then going Vegan. Humans are OMNIVORES we are designed to eat meat and plants! You don't yell at cats for being carnivores its the same principle here don't look down on me for doing what my body was made to do.

  • 0:25 – Stop eating beef as much as possible. Problem solved, on to the next topic.

  • As simple as that it take 5 to 10 years to raise a cow and 2 to 3 days to eat it also the amount of grass and other feed of cow. But insteed of killing the cow u can easily spend ur whole life depending on dairy products like milk,curd, cheese,butter,paneer,mawa etc. And a happy lovly cow witb lots of emotions. Now decide ur self.

  • Cow are not machine if u think so tham u too a crap talking machine.

  • "Can we make beef better?" Well, yeah, maybe, if we make it more than 11% nutritionally effective. Almost 90% of beef is indigestible stuff – maybe the same as the grass they eat. I really like mushroom cheese burgers, and they're filling, but there's not much nutrition in it – same as most other beef cuts.
    Aw man.. now I want to fry up one.. meduim rare. Can't do that with ground beef :sigh:

  • in India we have banned Beef ,You should mention that

  • pseudo science is everywhere these days eh?

  • vegitarian are best…?

  • wow, i never knew beef is so bad for the climate, i guess u learn something new everyday

  • I gotta say that I'm feeling very uneasy with the level of scientific accuracy here.
    I'm all for the agenda in general, but saying stuff like 'cows burp/fart and their Methane is a huge contributor to global warming' without properly explaining what the carbon cycle is… it's very misleading.

    First of all, cows burp out atoms of carbon (locked in methane molecules). Where did that carbon come from? From the food that the cows eat. Where did that come from? Plants. Where did those plants get this carbon? From the atmosphere through photosynthesis. And how did the carbon get in the atmosphere? From the respiration and digestion of every living organism on the planet, such as cows.

    Notice that this is a closed cycle. We never 'added' any carbon. Carbon is only moving around between carbon reservoir who are collectively called the biosphere (oceans, atmosphere and living organisms).

    Now let's compare this to fossil fuels. In the case of fossil fuels we are digging carbon out of the ground, and adding it to the biosphere's carbon reserviors. This carbon will stay in the biosphere for 10s of thousands of years before going back to the earth through very slow processes (rock weathering and a few others).

    So saying stuff like 'x percent of human carbon emissions came from cows' is absolutely misleading. We might as well count the carbon that humans are ABSORBING thanks to growing the cow's food in the fields! This makes absolutely no sense.
    We need to look at NET emissions, and these only happen when we dig carbon out from the ground: fossil fuels.

    Livestock is not adding carbon atoms to the biosphere, but maybe it has another effect? It's true that farts and burps change the balance of the carbon cycle such that there is a little more methane in the atmosphere than there otherwise would be. It's also true that methane has a far more potent greenhouse effect than CO2. Howeevr, methane also has a very short lifespan and then it degrades back to CO2 (which has a very long lifespan). The net effect of livestock on the CO2/methane balance in the atmosphere is therefor not very large at all.

    OK so the burps and farts are not significant. However, we should consider the changes in land use due to beef. After all, you gotta make way for fields to grow food for livestock to eat! Changes in land use don't necessarily contribute to global warming. For one thing many fields are very reflective (a lot more than, let's say, a forest) and they also capture a lot of carbon (the fields are very dense with biomatter, more than natural density). So this is also a strange argument to make. Global agriculture has huge negative impact on BIODIVERSITY because we're taking away natural habitats in order to produce food, but the relation to climate is not as simple as this video tries to argue.

    The last thing to consider about the potential damage of eating beef is that growing livestock takes up a lot of ENERGY. To plow the fields, transport the grain, transport and refrigerate meat, we would need to burn a lot of fossil fuel! Now THAT would indeed be bad for the climate.
    So now the questions becomes, is growing beef less energy efficient than other food?
    The answer is YES.
    And THIS is the ACTUAL reason why we need to avoid beef for the sake of climate 🙂

  • I blame bad land management and wasteful farming practices, not the cows. There have been studies in holistic or regenerative farming that have shown cows to be beneficial to degraded soil, replenishing the earth with their feces and urine to kickstart more grassland growth. As much as we love to hate on beef production, they are a useful contributor to soil nutrient replenishment, it's just that we haven't been monitoring them effectively.
    Big agrobusiness wastes natural resources, and degrades their own land, either through over-tilling, over-producing monocultural staple crops to feed their cows, or by never resting pastures from grazing. While it is good for cows to wander and graze in the herd, that takes up a lot of land unnecessarily, and leaves wide expanses of barren soil to be exposed to the drying effects of the sun. Whenever a cow patty drops, it isn't concentrated within a certain area, and therefore doesn't benefit the soil. We lose enough topsoil to cover the expanse of three football fields every single day, resulting in over $40 billion dollars of lost revenue in the US alone. And with that soil erosion and degradation of nutritional minerals, comes land that is hard to replant vegetation on, and hard to retain moisture because there's no plants in place to slow the runoff. It's a process known as desertification, and it's common across every continent, but is especially harmful to countries already experiencing drought and famine.
    So, some farmers have used a corralling technique of monitored pastures within an open grazing field, and kept the cows clustered together for a day or two, to eat the dry vegetation, churn up the surface soil, and poop and pee before moving on to the next region. This gives nutrients back to the earth, and the leftover plant matter in their feces acts as a sponge for when it rains. It's a process that takes time, but it slowly builds up the soil to sustain not just grazing, but future crops and potentially reforested areas.
    I think the notion of soil degradation is equally as important an issue as deforestation, because the loss of viable land for crop production is just as concerning. The solution isn't to use chemical fertilizers and antibiotics to try and pump up the land, and we certainly can't keep pressing further into forested areas for new agricultural lands. We must instruct our farmers on more sustainable methods of production, returning to a regenerative process that protects not just their profits in produce and meat, but also reduces their impact on the land they use. It's a far more economical approach to farming, it uses less land area for production, and doesn't depend on as many harmful herbicides and pesticides to do it. This could have wider implications for urban based agriculture too, making central hubs for fresh produce and local beef and chicken to become an integral feature of metropolises.
    Best examples of this are Regeneration International, Holistic Management International, and the Savory Institute. They have a network of farmers around the globe who are implementing these strategies to great effect, and have recovered an estimated 40 million acres of land to continue producing harvests. If you can, take a look and see what's in your area, and try to support local holistic farmers. They are compassionate and humane in their work, and they rely on us just as much as we rely on them.

  • That's why Indians don't eat beef

  • Can you do a video on how much grass and other plants like trees and shrubs consume co2? I've always been curious about the impact fully grown grass can have on co2 emissions. I'm not a scientist but as I drive long distances on highways, I see so much neatly cut grass throughout Texas! What if we just let it grow and not cut it. I mean it's thousands of acres!

  • This explains the flood in Kerala.

  • Moooooooo, mooooooooo b I’m a cow b I’m a cow I am not a cat I don’t say meow

  • I am still waiting for her mushroom burger recipe.

  • "Stop eating beef!!"

    turns to my dog

  • If you care about the planet, you should be vegan. Becoming Vegan is the biggest thing you can do to reduce your emissions.

  • Why don’t we just move all the cattle inside

  • Really, have you ever been on a chicken farm?! This is too funny, for years people grew their own and ate, but because of today's lazy people who have no knowledge of farming, clearly this has caused a loop hole for people to make money! There is so many things wrong with this explanation! What about, WiFi, planes, boats etc. I really think if you think hard, there is so much more to this video!

  • Hey, It would be wonderful if you posted sources for all of these facts for further reading, transparency aswell as to be used in arguments and discussions.

  • Eat pork and chicken, we(family) have changed our diet and it's good.
    Or try veganism like i will do as soon as i live alone.

  • How can something so bad be this tasty?

  • you alone do the editing and all the stuff???

  • So is it good that majority of the people in our country don't eat beef *(india)

  • A bit more ballsy approach to this topic would be much more effective!

  • I don't want to enforce ban on eating beef, but the way humans utilize and produce beef is causing harm to the environment. The way we systematically kill and slaughter animals is unethical and wrong.

  • Never knew this, thanks for the info
    Anyways, hey why you didn't put that 'good mushroom burger recipe' ?

  • Thumbs up, good video. The opportunity to fall into an extremists position, such as don't eat any beef ever was there, but this video avoided that trap and offered limited and thoughtful consumption as a good course to take.

  • I don’t care ,I will never give up beef

  • just come to india and you will get tastiest veg burger like really i am vegetarian and father,grandfather and just everyone was vegan me too but i eat veg burger and it is SUPER TASTY. it is hard to find non-veg burgers because most of the population is vegan

  • A bee ? can make a tea spoon of honey ? but a hive can live off of that like we can make changes together

  • The largest cause of tree loss is deforestation to raise livestock and livestock feed:

  • Methane is not as bad as we have been lead to believe. Methane absorbs the same wavelengths as water vapour. And so while it has the potential to be way worse. Those bands of light are mostly already absorbed. Where as CO2 is absorbing other wavelengths and so the more co2 the more light absorbed. Compared to saturated absorption in the methane absorbed bands…

  • How about lab grown meat
    Oh wait, thats gmo
    And you are too shallow to undrestand that non gmo is also bad for the envioment and also more expansive
    Possibly science can solve our problems
    Who would have thought

  • Where do you think the beef cows come from? The babies they take away from dairy cows. Vegan is the way.

  • I support you,eat vegetable NOT TO EAT RED MEAT. SAVE PLANET

  • Don’t tell people to eat feed lot beef if they want to be better for the environment…. if you eat meat, don’t call yourself an environmentalist… or anything close to it.

  • Methane backpacks greatly reduce methane emissions.

  • Environmentalist's whole existence is flawed because they claim to care so much for tree and fish and turtle eggs, but a baby in the womb, they have not one care for. In a sense they are sociopaths.

  • Can you put this study into context? It concludes that if America went vegan tomorrow, we'd reduce our GHG emissions by 2.7%.

  • Why haven't you take into consideration carbon sequestration. And a lot of deforestation is being caused by soy farming. Very simplistic and biased video. It is also important to note protein upcycling, the ability of cattle to take low quality proteins and turn them into high quality, easily digestible protein in the form of beef.

  • Facts not mentioned here is that US is raising more meat per animal now than ever before. Meaning more meat, less cattle. One farmer of rancher today raises enough food to feed 155 people compared to just 19 in 1940. In fact, less than 1% of the US population raises our food. Another is approximately 85% of US grazing lands are unsuitable for growing crops. Grazing cattle on this land more than doubles the area that can be used to raise food. And US farmers and ranchers raise 20% of the world's beef supply with just 7% of the world's cattle. This video wants to paint a simplistic notion of nutrition, environment, and agriculture that is otherwise very complex and multi-faceted.

  • Fake News…. There is more humans than cows.

  • I don’t agree with your logic that getting cows to slaughter faster means less methane. If you raise them to make less methane isn’t that better? The argument at least is CAFO grain feeding makes them gassy, pasture doesn’t and you can raise them on pasture while building soil and sequestering carbon. Consider l this at least


  • I can't stop laughing. Hoofed animals fertilize the soil. Not to worry about cows. They can be fed other products to cut down on the methane gas. Best to study harder before you get the entire world worked up in a tizzy. Best to educate yourself on Volcanoes. They belch and spit out volumes of molten hot materials onto the land and in the air. Study up Girl! Study up!

  • How about we stop eating food and all die, then we save earth.

  • I live with cow horse and other animal all around me. The biggest problem with co2 is the big cities with no green plants to use the co2. So if you want to change things start by finding ways to put plants and tree back in the cities.

  • PLEASE READ!!!!!! you didn't talk about how cows can be beneficial to the environment:
    Cows (and other livestock) can actually help keep grasslands from becoming deserts.
    The sheep and cattle on their own are NOT the problem. The problem is when they are allowed to run amok, spread thinly over every corner of the land at all times, that is what destroys the soil. If the livestock is kept in tight herds, and planned grazing is utilized, they will in fact fertilize the soil and contribute to the environment. That means lots of livestock on a small piece of land for a short period of time. Look up a man called Allan Savory, listen to his TED talk.

    I think the study said if there were animals (livestock) roaming just 50% of semi-desert land then the climate would revert to pre-industrial times. Idk you will have to do your own research.

    I think you might want to remake this video including ths information; but still talking about the problems of cows

  • We want beef

  • This need more views!!! I’ll be sharing this on my page.

    Just in time for Burger Kings Release is their impossible whopper

  • Vegetarian and vegan diets actually do more damage to the environment. Look it up

  • Vegan paradise

  • Sadly the majority of mothers cant cook and feed there children McDonald's so im afraid cattle will always be grazing i guess


  • Why can't we cancel Fox News?

    Or at least replace them with people who understands the Climate Crisis.

  • Go vegan

  • Okay crazies… lmfaooo all animals fart and burp… its kind of weird to think you idiots think not eating cows will help the climate then there will be even more and wtf are we going to do with MORE OF THEM??????

  • if you are still eating beef regulary but care about the enverment you are a hypocrite. Liking the taste of something does not justify it, it proves you lack self control. I am weak when it comes to social pressure to eat meat so i accept when in company , but when i travel i eat plants only.

  • Miriam is like the less tiresome version of Olivia, who by contrast makes me click away to instead read on a wiki-article on the topic,, typically less than a minute after she starts hosting.

  • this dyke is lying.

  • I hate to break it to you, but India has literally millions of stray cattle, roaming both the countryside and the cities. Since almost all Indians are already vegetarian, giving up beef will NOT reduce their numbers. And since cows are sacred in India, you won't get very far trying to convince them to cut back on the cattle population. Excuse me if I burp.

  • Beef isn't good – and you should cut back. But I am fed up with vegetarians saying I am killing the planet and they are saving it! Meanwhile, they eat vegetables and fruit brought in from 1,000's of miles away (like in the UK eating avocado pears from South America and California), or eating fruit and vegetables out of season that have spent months in freezers (creating CO2). Unless you eat locally produced, in season fruit and veg don't talk to me about how your saving the planet! Feed cows seaweed, by the way, and they don't belch.

  • I hope it's not a trend but rather an awakening to the senseless and
    cruel treatment of animals someone told us is food. It's bad for
    humans, bad for the environment and bad for the animals. The only ones
    this rotten business is good for are those who profit from taste
    addicted/manipulated disconnected people who proudly claim to love
    animals but never consider what's done to them before they eat them.

  • Let’s remember that methane breaks down into CO2 within eight years, and comparing grass fed cattle with feed lot cattle shows a big difference in carbon foot prints. Raising cattle on nonarable land and using cross fencing to avoid over grazing and to ensure maximum grass growth to build up the soil is desirable. Feedlots are the problem

  • Propoganda B.S !! I encourage everyone to eat as much beef as you want.. thank you and good night!!

  • i am a vegetarian

  • Yeah! Let's blame it on an animal, and ignore all the oilspills, all the drilling, gasoline, factories that just spew out a lot of toxic material in the atmosphere! It couldn't be one of those, right?

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