Coastal Redwoods vs. Giant Sequoias | Nature Boom Time


[TICKING][CLOCK ALARM][FIREWORKS].♪ ♪ CHARLIE: WHAT’S UP GUY’S
I’M CHARLIE, THAT’S PAT, KIRBY’S BEHIND THE CAMERA
AND TODAY WE’RE IN GIANT SEQUOIA NATIONAL PARK TO CHECK
OUT THE LARGEST SINGLE TREE SPECIMENS IN THE ENTIRE
WORLD, GIANT SEQUOIAS. WHAT’S UP GUYS? I’M CHARLIE, PATRICK’S GETTING
ATTACKED BY MOSQUITOES AND KIRBY’S ON THE CAMERA
AND TODAY WE’RE IN HUMBOLDT REDWOODS STATE PARK
CHECKING OUT THE LARGEST SINGLE TREE SPECIMENS IN THE ENTIRE
WORLD, COASTAL REDWOODS. WAIT, WHAT THE HECK
ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT? GIANT SEQUOIAS
ARE THE BIGGEST. AH-HA, NO WAY, REDWOODS
ARE THE LARGEST. AH, SEQUOIAS ARE. AH, COASTAL REDWOODS ARE. SEQUOIAS ARE! REDWOODS ARE! PATRICK: AREN’T
THEY THE SAME THING? CHARLIE: GUYS, RELAX,
YOU’RE BOTH RIGHT. PATRICK: CAUSE THEY’RE
THE SAME THING. CHARLIE: PAT, THEY’RE
NOT THE SAME THING. PATRICK: EH, BUT… CHARLIE: PATRICK… PATRICK: EH… CHARLIE: PAT… PATRICK: EHHHH… CHARLIE: PAT, THEY’RE NOT, I
MEAN IT’S EASY TO CONFUSE THE TWO SINCE THEY’RE BOTH GIANT
TREES LIVING IN CALIFORNIA. BUT THEY’RE ENTIRELY
DIFFERENT SPECIES, WITH ENTIRELY DIFFERENT
SCIENTIFIC NAMES. PATRICK: SO THEY’RE
NOT THE SAME THING. CHARLIE: CORRECT, PATRICK. COASTAL REDWOODS AND GIANT
SEQUOIAS ARE DIFFERENT IN WHOLE BUNCH OF WAYS. I MEAN, FOR ONE THING,
THEY DON’T EVEN GROW IN THE SAME PLACE. THESE COASTAL REDWOODS ARE
GROWING IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA ALONG THE COAST NEAR
THE PACIFIC OCEAN. HERE, THE FOG HELPS MAKE
THINGS NICE AND WET, CREATING THE PERFECT
ENVIRONMENT FOR THESE GUYS TO GROW. WE’RE CHECKING OUT THESE GIANT
SEQUOIAS ON A WESTERN SLOPE OF THE SIERRA NEVADA MOUNTAIN
RANGE IN CALIFORNIA, WHERE IT’S NICE
AND MILD AND DRY, WHICH ARE EXACTLY THE
CONDITIONS THAT THESE SEQUOIAS NEED FOR THEIR SEED
CONES TO RELEASE THEIR SEEDS. YEP, ENTIRELY
DIFFERENT LOCATIONS. YOU WILL NEVER FIND A
COASTAL REDWOOD GROWING IN THE SAME PLACE AS
A GIANT SEQUOIA. THEY REPRODUCE
DIFFERENTLY TOO. GIANT SEQUOIAS
REPRODUCE USING SEEDS. SO DO COASTAL REDWOODS. WELL OUR SEED CONES
ARE THREE TIMES LARGER. FINE WELL SOMETIMES COASTAL
REDWOODS DON’T EVEN NEED TO USE SEEDS, THEY CAN
REPRODUCE VEGETATIVELY, WHICH MEANS ENTIRE NEW
TREES CAN GROW FROM PIECES OF OTHER TREES. SO IF YOU CUT DOWN A REDWOOD,
A NEW BABY REDWOOD CAN GROW FROM ITS TRUNK OR ROOTS
OR BRANCHES THAT FELL OFF. OOOH, FANCY, VEGETATIVE
REPRODUCTION, AND UH HOW LONG DOES A
COASTAL REDWOOD LIVE? AROUND 2,000 YEARS. OH, THAT’S CUTE. GIANT SEQUOIAS CAN LIVE
FOR ABOUT 3,200 YEARS, SO. WELL THE BARK OF COASTAL
REDWOOD IS A DEEP CHOCOLATEY BROWN LIKE A WARM NUTTY
BROWNIE THAT YOUR GRANDMOTHER MADE
JUST FOR YOU. WELL THE BARK OF GIANT SEQUOIA
IS A BRIGHT REDDISH BROWN LIKE A SLIGHTLY DISCOLORED
BROWNIE YOUR GRANDMOTHER JUST MADE FOR YOU. COOL, THEY’RE DIFFERENT,
WE GET IT. BUT, WHICH ONE IS
THE LARGEST? THAT’S KIND OF A HARDER
QUESTION TO ANSWER THAN YOU MIGHT THINK. SO, WHEN YOU’RE STANDING
AT THE BASE OF EITHER TREE, GIANT SEQUOIAS DEFINITELY
LOOK BIGGER BECAUSE THEIR TRUNKS ARE MASSIVE. AND, GIANT SEQUOIAS ARE THE
MOST MASSIVE TREES IN THE ENTIRE WORLD BECAUSE THEY
HAVE THE MOST VOLUME. BUT, COASTAL REDWOODS ARE
THE TALLEST TREES IN THE ENTIRE WORLD, THEY HAVE
THE GREATEST HEIGHT, AND THEY KIND OF KICK
GIANT SEQUOIA’S BUTT IN THIS CATEGORY. THIS IS POSSIBLE
BECAUSE EACH TREE SPECIES GROWS DIFFERENTLY. GIANT SEQUOIAS ARE SUPER
WIDE, THICK TREES THAT ARE PRETTY TALL. BUT, COASTAL REDWOODS
ARE SKINNIER TREES THAT ARE CRAZY TALL. THINK OF THEM LIKE THIS,
IF A GIANT SEQUOIA WHERE AN ATHLETE, IT WOULD
BE 6 FOOT 5, 300 POUND NFL LINEMAN. IF A COASTAL REDWOOD
WERE AN ATHLETE, IT WOULD BE A 6 FOOT TEN
INCH, 250 POUND NBA CENTER. ONE’S BULKIER AND HEAVIER,
AND ONE’S THINNER AND TALLER. IT’S SIMPLE AS THAT. AS AN EXAMPLE OF THIS IDEA,
LET’S CHOOSE AN ALL-STAR FROM EACH TREE SPECIES. THE GIANT SEQUOIA ALL-STAR
WOULD BE BY UNANIMOUS DECISION COMING OUT OF SEQUOIA
NATIONAL PARK, OUR MAN, THE BIG BOY,
GENERAL SHERMAN. HE IS A BEHEMOTH. WITH A BASE
DIAMETER OF 36.5 FEET, THIS MONSTER IS 52,500
CUBIC FEET AND WEIGHS IN AT 4 MILLION POUNDS. HE IS THE MOST MASSIVE,
SINGLE LIVING TREE IN THE ENTIRE WORLD. THE MOST MASSIVE ONE, PERIOD. HE ALSO HITS THE HEIGHT
CHART AT 275 FEET, SO I MEAN HE’S
PRETTY TALL TOO. UP AGAINST THIS HEAVYWEIGHT IS
OUR COASTAL REDWOOD ALL-STAR COMING TO YOU FROM A
HIDDEN LOCATION IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA, BIG STRETCH,
THE TALL BOY, HYPERION. HYPERION’S EXACT LOCATION
HAS BEEN A CLOSELY GUARDED SECRET SINCE IT
WAS DISCOVERED IN 2006. ONLY LIKE SIX PEOPLE KNOW, AND
THEY’RE NOT TELLING ANYBODY, SO WE HAVE NO
IDEA WHERE IT IS. BUT, WE DO KNOW THAT
THIS GUY IS SUPER TALL. SAYING HYPERION IS A TALL TREE
IS AN ENORMOUS UNDERSTATEMENT, BECAUSE HE IS THE TALLEST
TREE IN THE ENTIRE WORLD, NO TREE IS TALLER. HE’S JUST UNDER 380 FEET,
ABOUT 105 FEET TALLER THAN GENERAL SHERMAN. STILL THOUGH, THIS
GUY IS PRETTY SKINNY. WITH A BASE DIAMETER
OF ONLY ABOUT 16 FEET, ITS VOLUME ISN’T EVEN HALF
OF GENERAL SHERMAN’S AT 18,600 CUBIC FEET. SO IN A HEAD TO HEAD BATTLE
FOR TALLEST TREE IN THE WORLD HYPERION WINS, FOR MOST
VOLUME, GENERAL SHERMAN WINS. SO WHICH IS THE LARGEST
TREE IN THE WORLD? I GUESS THAT KINDA DEPENDS
ON WHAT YOU’RE TALKING ABOUT. YOU CAN SEE HOW INCREDIBLY
DIFFERENT THESE TWO TYPES OF TREES ARE, BUT AT THE
SAME TIME, THOUGH, YOU CAN CONSIDER BOTH OF THESE
GIANTS TO BE RECORD BREAKERS IN DIFFERENT CATEGORIES
IN THE NATURAL WORLD. COASTAL REDWOODS ARE THE
LARGEST TREES IN THE WORLD IN TERMS OF HEIGHT. BUT, GIANT SEQUOIAS ARE
THE LARGEST TREES IN THE WORLD IN TERMS OF VOLUME. SO, I GUESS IT’S PERFECT,
YOU KNOW, EVERYBODY WINS! YEAH, I GUESS THAT WORKS. YEAH? YEAH, I GUESS THAT WORKS. ALRIGHT, IT’S COOL WITH ME. NICE, COOL, COOL, COOL,
AWESOME. ALRIGHT. PATRICK: SO, THEY’RE
NOT THE SAME THING? CHARLIE: PATRICK…[FIREWORKS].

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